Theology, as the word suggests, is a discussion about God and all things as seen in the light of God. It constitutes a singularity in our species that, in some moment during millions of years of evolution, the consciousness of God appeared. With this word, “God,” is expressed a supreme value, a final sentiment of the universe and life and an original Source from which all other beings came.

This God inhabits the universe and accompanies human beings. The sacred texts of religions and spiritual traditions testify to the permanent action of God in the world. He always acts in favor of life, defending the weak, offering forgiveness to the fallen and promising eternal life in communion with Him.

It belongs to the faith of Christians to affirm that God approximated Himself to human existence and made Himself man in Jesus of Nazareth. In this the promise of blessed union with Him is anticipated and will be the destination of all the beings of the entire creation.

Among the many functions of theology today two are most urgent: how theology collaborates in the liberation of the oppressed, who are today’s “crucified Christs,” and how theology helps to preserve the memory of God so that we do not lose the sentiment and sacredness of human life which is threatened by a culture of superficiality, consumption and entertainment. We should always unite faith with justice, where a perspective of liberation is born, keeping the flame of our sacred lamp burning so that it can feed the hope for a better future for the Earth and all humanity.

Minimum bibliography for direction
- Barth, Karl, An Introduction to Evangelical Theology, Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New York 1963.
- Boff, Clodovis, Theology and Praxis: Epistemological Foundations, Orbis, New York 1978.
- Boff, Clodovis, Teoria do método teológico, Vozes , Petrópolis 1998.
- Boff, Clodovis and Leonardo, Introducing Liberation Theology, Burns & Oates, Tunbridge Wells 1987.
- Boff, Leonardo, Experimentar Deus. A transparência de todas as coisas, Verus, Campinas 2002.
- Gutiérrez, Gustavo, A Theology of Liberation, Orbis, New York, 1973.
- Latourelle, René, Theology: science of salvation, St. Paul Publications, New York 1969.
- Libânio, João Batista & Murad, Afonso, Introdução à teologia. Perfil, enfoques, tarefas, Loyola, São Paulo 1996.
- Libanio, João Batista, Eu creio-nós cremos. Tratado da fé, Loyola, São Paulo 2000.